PPTP Tunneling

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-==Point-to-Point Tunneling with two DD-WRT==+= Introduction =
 +This setup will bridge DD-WRT routers, allowing any host connected to the network to be visible from the WAN cloud.
 +To turn this HOWTO simple I'll use only two DD-WRT routers but theoretically you can further extend the setup to any number of routers.
-The configuration below was tested using two WRT54Gs (Hardware v2.2) and DD-WRT v23 SP1 std. 
-===Scenario===+== Notes ==
 +* If your ISP do not provide you a fixed IP address, you should now create a dynamic DNS account from any DD-WRT supported provider. I'll use a No-IP.com account in the article's examples.
 +* I assume you've got your WAN already up, if you need a different setup please feel free to change whatever you need.
-*Network A in location "a" 
-{| border=1 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=5+== Tested Versions ==
-| Router A address+This article should work with any supported DD-WRT version. Feel free to add your version to the following list:
-| 192.168.1.1+* DD-WRT v24-sp2 (01/21/09) std
-|- +
-| DHCP range+
-| 192.168.1.100-150+
-|- +
-| Dyndns address+
-| "direccion_de_A.dyndns.org"+
-|}+
 +Does NOT work with
 +* DD-WRT v24-sp2 (10/10/09) std-nokaid (instructions below are not for v24-sp2 firmware; may work (untested) with method from http://www.dd-wrt.com/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?p=10933#10933)
-* Network B in location "b"+= Configuration =
-{| border=1 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=5+== Generic information ==
-| Router B address+* '''dd-wrt-01'''
-| 192.168.2.1+** Address: 192.168.1.1
-|- +** Netmask: 255.255.255.0
-| DHCP range+** Gateway: 0.0.0.0
-| 192.168.2.100-150+** DHCP Range: 192.168.1.100-150
-|- +** DDNS: foo-corp-dd-wrt-01.no-ip.com
-| Dyndns address+
-| "direccion_de_B.dyndns.org"+
-|}+
-The purpose of this setup is to connect to any IP Address on network A or B from network A or B.+* '''dd-wrt-02'''
 +** Address: 192.168.2.1
 +** Netmask: 255.255.255.0
 +** Gateway: 0.0.0.0
 +** DHCP Range: 192.168.2.100-150
 +** DDNS: foo-corp-dd-wrt-02.no-ip.com
-== Configuration == 
-=== For Both Routers ===+== dd-wrt-01 ==
 +This step will configure the basic information for the local network.
 +# Goto Setup > Basic Setup
 +# Set Router Name and Host Name to "dd-wrt-01"
 +# Set Local IP Address to "192.168.1.1"
 +# Set Subnet Mask to "255.255.255.0"
 +# '''Save'''
-# Goto "Administration" tab and "Management" sub-tab 
-# Enable DNSmasq and Local DNS 
-# Disable Loopback 
-http://img237.imageshack.us/img237/9766/loopbackzs4.jpg+Now lets make your dynamic IP address always reachable trough a hostname.
 +# Goto Administration > DDNS
 +# Set DNS Service to "No-IP.com"
 +# Change Username, Password and Hostname to your personal account information
 +# Hostname in this example will be set to "foo-corp-dd-wrt-01.no-ip.com"
 +# '''Save'''
-'''Note:''' Loopback must be disable because VPN doesn't always work when it is enabled. 
-=== For Router A ===+Now we tell the router that there is another network on the other side of the WAN.
 +Basically we're telling "If you want to access any host on the 192.168.2.x subnet please forward your packet trough the router at the IP address "192.168.2.1".
 +# Goto Setup > Advanced Routing
 +# Under Static Routing:
 +# Set Route Name to "foo-corp-dd-wrt-02"
 +# Set Metric to "0"
 +# Set Destination LAN NET to "192.168.2.0"
 +# Set Subnet Mask to "255.255.255.0"
 +# Set Gateway to "192.168.2.1"
 +# Set Interface to "ANY"
 +# '''Save'''
-==== Router B > VPN > Router A ==== 
-# Goto "Administration" tab and "Services" sub-tab+This router will have the role of "concentrator" meaning that every router that wants to be part of our bridge should connect to it.
 +If you've got a more complex design with three routers (A, B and C) traffic from B to C will always pass trough router A.
 +# Goto Services > PPTP
# Enable PPTP Server # Enable PPTP Server
-# Set "Server IP or DNS Name" to "192.168.1.1"+# Set Server IP to "192.168.1.1"
-# Set "Client IP(s)" to "192.168.1.200-250"+# Set Client IP(s) to "192.168.1.200-201"
-# Set "CHAP-Secrets" to "usernameA * passwordA *"+# Set CHAP-Secrets to: "<PPTP_CLIENT_USERNAME_SITE02> * <PPTP_CLIENT_PASSWORD_SITE02> *"
-# Apply Changes+# Disable PPTP Client Options
 +# '''Save'''
-==== Router A > VPN > Router B ==== 
-# Goto "Administration" tab and "Services" sub-tab+Saving ourselves from a headache.. ;-)
-# Enable PPTP Client+# Goto Security > VPN
-# Set "Server IP or DNS Name" to the location of Server B (direccion_de_B.dyndns.org)+# Enable PPTP Passthrough
-# Set "Remote Subnet" to "192.168.2.0"+# Disable IPSec and L2TP Passthrough
-# Set "Remote Subnet Mask" to 255.255.255.0+# '''Save'''
-# Set "MPPE Encryption" to required+
-# Set "MTU" to 1450+
-# Set MRU to 1450+
-# Set Username to usernameB+
-# Set password to passwordB+
-# Apply Changes+
-http://img162.imageshack.us/img162/22/ruteadora6ir.jpg 
-=== For Router B ===+This step maybe optional.. but routing packets trough a WAN interface without being encrypted is stupid.
 +# Goto Administration > Commands
 +# Enter "sed -i -e 's/mppe .*/mppe required,stateless/' /tmp/pptpd/options.pptpd"
 +# Save Startup
 +# NOTE: This will force all PPTP clients to use encryption
 +# '''Save'''
-==== Router A > VPN > Router B ==== 
-# Goto "Administration" tab and "Services" sub-tab+Wrapping everything up..
-# Enable PPTP Server+# Goto Administration
-# Set "Server IP or DNS Name" to "192.168.2.1"+# '''Reboot Router'''
-# Set "Client IP(s)" to 192.168.2.200-250"+
-# Set "CHAP-Secrets" to "usernameB * passwordB *"+
-# Apply Changes+
-==== Router B > VPN > Router A ====+== dd-wrt-02 ==
 +# Goto Setup > Basic Setup
 +# Set Router Name and Host Name to "dd-wrt-02"
 +# Set Local IP Address to "192.168.2.1"
 +# Set Subnet Mask to "255.255.255.0"
 +# '''Save'''
-# Goto "Administration" tab and "Services" sub-tab 
-# Enable PPTP Client 
-# Set "Server IP or DNS Name" to the location of Server A (direccion_de_A.dyndns.org) 
-# Set "Remote Subnet" to "192.168.1.0" 
-# Set "Remote Subnet Mask" to 255.255.255.0 
-# Set "MPPE Encryption" to required 
-# Set "MTU" to 1450 
-# Set MRU to 1450 
-# Set Username to usernameA 
-# Set password to passwordA 
-# Apply Changes 
-http://img73.imageshack.us/img73/4391/ruteadorb3nn.jpg+# Goto Administration > DDNS
 +# Set DNS Service to "No-IP.com"
 +# Change Username, Password and Hostname to your personal account information
 +# Hostname in this example will be set to "foo-corp-dd-wrt-02.no-ip.com"
 +# '''Save'''
-== Notes == 
-* The subnets should not intersect each other (i.e. The third octet of direction IP (192.168.thirdoctet.1) of the network A must be different of the network B.+Now we tell the router that there is another network on the other side of the WAN.
-* The range of Client IP(s) must be outside the range of DHCP clients.+Basically we're telling "If you want to access any host on the 192.168.1.x subnet please forward your packet trough the router at the IP address "192.168.1.1".
-* In the example the IP range that occurred for clients vpn ("Client IP(s)") was 192.168.x.200-250 therefore 51 VPN clients allowed+# Goto Setup > Advanced Routing
 +# Set Route Name to "foo-corp-dd-wrt-01"
 +# Set Metric to "0"
 +# Set Destination LAN NET to "192.168.1.0"
 +# Set Subnet Mask to "255.255.255.0"
 +# Set Gateway to "192.168.1.1"
 +# Set Interface to "ANY"
 +# '''Save'''
-== Monitoring == 
-To monitoring and guarantee the connection you can setup Watchdog. The following instructions will setup watchdog to monitor the connection every five minutes. +This router will have the role of "node".
 +# Goto Services > PPTP
 +# Disable PPTP Server
 +# Enable PPTP Client Options
 +# Set Server IP or DNS Name to "foo-corp-dd-wrt-01.no-ip.com"
 +# Set Remote Subnet to "192.168.1.0"
 +# Set Remote Subnet Mask to "255.255.255.0"
 +# Set MPPE Encryption to "mppe required"
 +# Set MTU to "1450"
 +# Set MRU to "1450"
 +# Enable NAT
 +# Set Username to "PPTP_CLIENT_USERNAME_SITE02"
 +# Set Password to "PPTP_CLIENT_PASSWORD_SITE02"
 +# '''Save'''
-On both routers: 
-# Goto "Administration" tab and "Keep Alive" sub-tab.+# Goto Security > VPN
-# Enable Watchdog+# Enable PPTP Passthrough
-# Set "Interval" to 300+# Disable IPSec and L2TP Passthrough
-# Set IP Addresses to "192.168.1.200 192.168.2.200"+# '''Save'''
-http://img201.imageshack.us/img201/9416/keepaliveye2.jpg 
-  
-== Another way to make VPN tunnel==+Wrapping everything up..
 +# Goto Administration
 +# '''Reboot Router'''
-http://www.dd-wrt.com/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?t=1767+== Notes ==
 +* The router's subnets should not intersect each other (i.e. 192.168.<XXX>.1).
 +* The IP address pool for VPN clients must be outside the range of DHCP clients.
 +* In the example the IP range used for VPN clients were "192.168.1.200-201" thus 2 VPN clients are allowed to connect to our concentrator. You should increase this if more routers will be bridged.
 +== Issues ==
 +* Not sure why "NAT" is enabled, given the sites are a site to site route - NAT will break the whole premise of a site to site connection
-== Useful Links ==+= See Also =
- +[[PPTP_Server_Configuration]]<br>
-[[PPTP_Server_Configuration]]+
- +
[[HOW_TO_configure_a_WINDOWS_BOX_to_make_a_VPN_Connection_to_linksys]] [[HOW_TO_configure_a_WINDOWS_BOX_to_make_a_VPN_Connection_to_linksys]]
-[[Category:advanced HOWTO]]+ 
-[[Category:English documentation]]+[[Category:Tunneling]]
 +[[Category:Advanced tutorials]]

Current revision

Contents

[edit] Introduction

This setup will bridge DD-WRT routers, allowing any host connected to the network to be visible from the WAN cloud. To turn this HOWTO simple I'll use only two DD-WRT routers but theoretically you can further extend the setup to any number of routers.


[edit] Notes

  • If your ISP do not provide you a fixed IP address, you should now create a dynamic DNS account from any DD-WRT supported provider. I'll use a No-IP.com account in the article's examples.
  • I assume you've got your WAN already up, if you need a different setup please feel free to change whatever you need.


[edit] Tested Versions

This article should work with any supported DD-WRT version. Feel free to add your version to the following list:

  • DD-WRT v24-sp2 (01/21/09) std

Does NOT work with

[edit] Configuration

[edit] Generic information

  • dd-wrt-01
    • Address: 192.168.1.1
    • Netmask: 255.255.255.0
    • Gateway: 0.0.0.0
    • DHCP Range: 192.168.1.100-150
    • DDNS: foo-corp-dd-wrt-01.no-ip.com


  • dd-wrt-02
    • Address: 192.168.2.1
    • Netmask: 255.255.255.0
    • Gateway: 0.0.0.0
    • DHCP Range: 192.168.2.100-150
    • DDNS: foo-corp-dd-wrt-02.no-ip.com


[edit] dd-wrt-01

This step will configure the basic information for the local network.

  1. Goto Setup > Basic Setup
  2. Set Router Name and Host Name to "dd-wrt-01"
  3. Set Local IP Address to "192.168.1.1"
  4. Set Subnet Mask to "255.255.255.0"
  5. Save


Now lets make your dynamic IP address always reachable trough a hostname.

  1. Goto Administration > DDNS
  2. Set DNS Service to "No-IP.com"
  3. Change Username, Password and Hostname to your personal account information
  4. Hostname in this example will be set to "foo-corp-dd-wrt-01.no-ip.com"
  5. Save


Now we tell the router that there is another network on the other side of the WAN. Basically we're telling "If you want to access any host on the 192.168.2.x subnet please forward your packet trough the router at the IP address "192.168.2.1".

  1. Goto Setup > Advanced Routing
  2. Under Static Routing:
  3. Set Route Name to "foo-corp-dd-wrt-02"
  4. Set Metric to "0"
  5. Set Destination LAN NET to "192.168.2.0"
  6. Set Subnet Mask to "255.255.255.0"
  7. Set Gateway to "192.168.2.1"
  8. Set Interface to "ANY"
  9. Save


This router will have the role of "concentrator" meaning that every router that wants to be part of our bridge should connect to it. If you've got a more complex design with three routers (A, B and C) traffic from B to C will always pass trough router A.

  1. Goto Services > PPTP
  2. Enable PPTP Server
  3. Set Server IP to "192.168.1.1"
  4. Set Client IP(s) to "192.168.1.200-201"
  5. Set CHAP-Secrets to: "<PPTP_CLIENT_USERNAME_SITE02> * <PPTP_CLIENT_PASSWORD_SITE02> *"
  6. Disable PPTP Client Options
  7. Save


Saving ourselves from a headache.. ;-)

  1. Goto Security > VPN
  2. Enable PPTP Passthrough
  3. Disable IPSec and L2TP Passthrough
  4. Save


This step maybe optional.. but routing packets trough a WAN interface without being encrypted is stupid.

  1. Goto Administration > Commands
  2. Enter "sed -i -e 's/mppe .*/mppe required,stateless/' /tmp/pptpd/options.pptpd"
  3. Save Startup
  4. NOTE: This will force all PPTP clients to use encryption
  5. Save


Wrapping everything up..

  1. Goto Administration
  2. Reboot Router

[edit] dd-wrt-02

  1. Goto Setup > Basic Setup
  2. Set Router Name and Host Name to "dd-wrt-02"
  3. Set Local IP Address to "192.168.2.1"
  4. Set Subnet Mask to "255.255.255.0"
  5. Save


  1. Goto Administration > DDNS
  2. Set DNS Service to "No-IP.com"
  3. Change Username, Password and Hostname to your personal account information
  4. Hostname in this example will be set to "foo-corp-dd-wrt-02.no-ip.com"
  5. Save


Now we tell the router that there is another network on the other side of the WAN. Basically we're telling "If you want to access any host on the 192.168.1.x subnet please forward your packet trough the router at the IP address "192.168.1.1".

  1. Goto Setup > Advanced Routing
  2. Set Route Name to "foo-corp-dd-wrt-01"
  3. Set Metric to "0"
  4. Set Destination LAN NET to "192.168.1.0"
  5. Set Subnet Mask to "255.255.255.0"
  6. Set Gateway to "192.168.1.1"
  7. Set Interface to "ANY"
  8. Save


This router will have the role of "node".

  1. Goto Services > PPTP
  2. Disable PPTP Server
  3. Enable PPTP Client Options
  4. Set Server IP or DNS Name to "foo-corp-dd-wrt-01.no-ip.com"
  5. Set Remote Subnet to "192.168.1.0"
  6. Set Remote Subnet Mask to "255.255.255.0"
  7. Set MPPE Encryption to "mppe required"
  8. Set MTU to "1450"
  9. Set MRU to "1450"
  10. Enable NAT
  11. Set Username to "PPTP_CLIENT_USERNAME_SITE02"
  12. Set Password to "PPTP_CLIENT_PASSWORD_SITE02"
  13. Save


  1. Goto Security > VPN
  2. Enable PPTP Passthrough
  3. Disable IPSec and L2TP Passthrough
  4. Save


Wrapping everything up..

  1. Goto Administration
  2. Reboot Router

[edit] Notes

  • The router's subnets should not intersect each other (i.e. 192.168.<XXX>.1).
  • The IP address pool for VPN clients must be outside the range of DHCP clients.
  • In the example the IP range used for VPN clients were "192.168.1.200-201" thus 2 VPN clients are allowed to connect to our concentrator. You should increase this if more routers will be bridged.

[edit] Issues

  • Not sure why "NAT" is enabled, given the sites are a site to site route - NAT will break the whole premise of a site to site connection

[edit] See Also

PPTP_Server_Configuration
HOW_TO_configure_a_WINDOWS_BOX_to_make_a_VPN_Connection_to_linksys